Internal Policy

Ways we can reach national reconciliation in Ukraine: discussion in Cherkasy and Chernihiv

08.05.2015

Within the framework of the project on "Initiating the Participatory National Dialogue in Ukraine", the International Centre for Policy Studies held round table debates on "National Dialogue: Overcoming the Past, Living through the Present, Building the Future".

 

The round table in Cherkasy took place on 6 May with the support of Academy of Strategic Researches. ICPS expert Olena Zakharova presented the project on national dialogue, which is aimed at laying the foundations for unity of all Ukrainian regions based on common values and the common vision for the future. Ms Zakharova also shared the results of a sociological survey conducted within the framework of the project. 

According to Ukrainian historian Vasyl Moysienko, who was present at the debate, the issues addressed in the project may play a significant role in the process of national reconciliation, since very interesting and important historical moments that unite Ukrainians from different regions were researched.  

Olena Zakharova stressed that Russia didn't need Donbas. Russia sought to destabilize Ukraine. "The fastest we reach national reconciliation, the fewest possibilities will be left for Russia to continue destabilizing Ukraine. Sooner or later, every war comes to an end. The question is how many people will lose their life before the war stops. "For this purpose, today every Ukrainian should take a step towards national reconciliation", Olena Zakharova concluded.   

The round table in Chernihiv was organized in cooperation with Polissya Foundation for International and Regional Studies. Olena Zakharova presented the results of the study on national unity in a regional context, followed by discussion on potential factors and actors that may contribute to the destabilization of Chernihiv region.  

Contrary to the results of the sociological survey, during the round table residents of Chernihiv pointed to the church and volunteers as a uniting factor. The participants also stressed that education was essential for the process of national reconciliation.

The participants were unanimous in welcoming the launch of a national dialogue. However, they admitted that from an emotional standpoint national dialogue was rather difficult.  

Publications with tag «Internal Policy »
Internal Policy

ICPS issued a third assessment of local/regional measures for July-September 2019

International Centre for Policy Studies presented a third assessment of local/regional activities for July-September 2019 within the framework of the project “Promoting transparency and implementation of anti-corruption measures in state-owned enterprises and local governments in Ukraine”. The initiative is carried out in partnership with the Institute for Economic and Social Reforms in Slovakia (INEKO) and is financially supported under the program “Official Development Assistance of the Slovak Republic (SlovakAid)”. The project is aimed at increasing the efficiency of public administration, local governments and civil society in the area of regional policy, state-owned enterprises, budget monitoring and openness of information of local authorities. The main objective of the initiative is to improve the quality of regional and/or municipal regulation and legislation by publishing a regular peer review of socio-economic measures proposed or implemented by local government bodies in Ukraine. The purpose of the assessment is to describe practices that may also be applied by other administrations. Measures for evaluation were identified and analyzed with the support of the expert council, which was selected by  International Centre for Policy Studies based on their experience. As a result, six local and regional measures are described in this publication, three of which are addressing the infrastructural issues and three are social projects, including the government, business and civil society cooperation initiative. Two of them are innovative and may have positive significant impact on the economic and social development of Ukraine. We hope that these practices can promote good ideas and inspire their implementation throughout Ukraine. Among the six local and regional measures provided to the experts for evaluation, the first and the last places were taken by infrastructural projects. Two social projects appeared in the middle of the ranking, while having the neutral scores. The vast majority of experts noted the importance of implementing of such an infrastructural project as the "Implementation of a comprehensive city lighting program in Mukachevo". Moreover, this measure received almost unanimous expert approval (+2.4 points out of 3.0 possible) as it has significant synergistic effect. Experts believe that after the implementation of this measure, the city will receive not only the greater security and tourist attractiveness, but also will increase its energy efficiency (the project envisages the lighting of 14 zones and replacement of outdated electricity networks and lamps). Second by importance and expert approval is the project for creating a platform for cooperation between government, business and civil society. Joining the CoST (Construction Sector Transparency Initiative), according to expert opinion, will ensure transparency of implementation of infrastructural projects and conduction of monitoring of the road sector to inform the community about the improvement of local infrastructure. The experts noted such a measure to be a project with future perspective and with considerable potential for the implementation of the public-private partnership form. Among the two social projects on promoting the gender equality and supporting small businesses (third and fourth place respectively), the project with the aim of Accession to the Charter of equality between women and men (Zhytomyr) received the highest score. The measure will have a positive impact on ensuring the equal rights and opportunities for the Zhytomyr community. However, the lack of any planned practical steps for further implementation under the project have led to relatively low experts` assessments. The lowest (even negative) expert evaluations were received by two infrastructural projects regarding the construction of a private road to the port (Odessa) and the activities of PJSC "Ukrzaliznytsya" (Chernivtsi region). Experts believe that the results obtained from the implementation of these projects will be weakly linked to the declared solution of structural problems of the regions. The lobby of the city administration is clearly seen in the first case. Therefore, experts have commented remarks on decision-making procedures and possible corruption risks. In the second case, the attempt of PJSC "Ukrzaliznytsia" to solve its financial problems by transferring them to the state and society is seen. The closure of railway stations throughout the Chernivtsi region will have a negative impact on the economic situation in the region, and may create long-term social challenges. Consequently, this measure has received the lowest ranking points and was ranked the last. The detailed evaluation can be found here: Monitoring of Local and Development Policies in Ukraine (July 2019 - September 2019) window.dataLayer = window.dataLayer || []; function gtag(){dataLayer.push(arguments);} gtag('js', new Date()); gtag('config', 'UA-122353741-2');

ICPS Press
01.10.2019
Internal Policy

ICPS issued a second assessment of local/regional measures for April-June 2019

International Centre for Policy Studies presented a second assessment of local/regional activities within the framework of the project “Promoting transparency and implementation of anti-corruption measures in state-owned enterprises and local governments in Ukraine”. The initiative is carried out in partnership with the Institute for Economic and Social Reforms in Slovakia (INEKO) and is financially supported under the program “Official Development Assistance of the Slovak Republic (SlovakAid)”. The project is aimed at increasing the efficiency of public administration, local governments and civil society in the area of regional policy, state-owned enterprises, budget monitoring and openness of information of local authorities. The main objective of the initiative is to improve the quality of regional and/or municipal regulation and legislation by publishing a regular peer review of socio-economic measures proposed or implemented by local government bodies in Ukraine. The purpose of the assessment is to describe practices that may also be applied by other administrations. Measures for evaluation were identified and analyzed with the support of the expert council, which was selected by  International Centre for Policy Studies based on their experience. As a result, eight local and regional measures are described in this publication, two of which are addressing the infrastructural issues, two are social projects, two are contest projects together with the measures for the beautification of the area and improving the branding of the city. Three of them are innovative and may have positive significant impact on the economic and social development of Ukraine. We hope that these practices can promote good ideas and inspire their implementation throughout Ukraine. The most positive attitude of experts was to projects related to the development of the transport infrastructure of cities. Thus, the project "Acceptance of purchase of new trolleybuses for the money of the EBRD" (Poltava) received the highest score (1st place), because it involves the allocation of money from the European Bank, which already indicates about its relevance and validity. In addition, these credit resources are beneficial for the borrower (in terms of timing and value), which also resulted in the absence of significant remarks from experts. The project on the development and approval of the "Sustainable mobility plan of the city" (Zhytomyr), which is aimed at introducing the European experience in the rational organization of transport connection and traffic management in a large city, is in the second place by the importance and expert's support. This measure for planning the development of the transport network in the modern city was noted by experts as a project with a prospect for the future and with a significant potential for implementation in the form of public-private partnership. Among the two social projects (third and fifth place), the "Contest of Social Projects of Civil Society Institutions" (Odessa), which contains 11 areas / nominations covering the important social problems, received the highest score. Experts have positively evaluated the way of distributing the funds, namely, holding a competition among the NGOs with a subsequent public presentation. In their opinion, this leads to more thorough project development and transparency of funding. Among the measures with the lowest experts` evaluation were the project of approval of the city logo (Ivano-Frankivsk city), which has no significant impact on the socio-economic living standards of the population of the city, and the project for the reconstruction of the park (Kropyvnytskyi city), the cost of which is significant for the city budget on the background of careless execution of works and a large number of unresolved acute social problems. The detailed evaluation can be found here: Monitoring of Local and Development Policies in Ukraine (April 2019 - June 2019) window.dataLayer = window.dataLayer || []; function gtag(){dataLayer.push(arguments);} gtag('js', new Date()); gtag('config', 'UA-122353741-2');

ICPS Press
28.06.2019
Internal Policy

ICPS presents the effectiveness rating of Ukrainian political parties

The experts of the International Center for Policy Studies presented a study “Rating of activity and effectiveness of political parties” which analyzed what parties engaged in throughout the last political cycle, who is active in electoral campaigns, who holds power at local and national levels, and what do extra-parliamentary political bodies do. The presentation and roundtable discussion over results took place at Ukrinform, on Wednesday the 26th of June. Political scientists, sociologists and political representatives took part in the dialogue. ICPS expert Maxim Stepanenko said that the formation of political parties in Ukraine began during the democratization of socio-political life in the country. In 1989, the People's Movement of Ukraine was founded, which can be considered the first political party in modern Ukraine. Over the course of 30 years of party development in Ukraine, the trends and principles governing modern parties have changed. Many parties, who once played a key role in the political life, ceased to exist. "On the horizon, in the next 10 to 20 years, the ranking of active and effective parties will change, so Batkivshchyna currently demonstrates a better result, while Poroshenko's "Solidarity" block did not exist in the past and it does not exist now. It was created only for one political cycle and made history. For us, the main focal point is on the current players, so the focus of our study is on the political cycle of 2014-2019" said Igor Petrenko, head of the ICPS political department. According to the Center's survey, among the 352 parties registered in Ukraine as of the beginning of 2019, five leaders can be singled out: Batkivshchyna (350,37 points), PPB Solidarity (349,73 points), "Opposition bloc" (346.59 points), Oleg Lyashko’s "Radical party" (340.02 points) and "Ukrainian association of patriots - UKROP" (333.12 points). Opposing political forces rank highly in the top 5; political forces are on polar opposite sides, the party in power and extra-parliamentary powers. All five party leaders are champions in our ranking due to a balanced result on all indicators. For the first spot rival "Batkivshchyna" and "Solidarity", that significantly outperform the other opponents. In order to understand what factors have determined the place of parties in the ranking, it is necessary to consider in more detail the methodology of the research and its final results. Methodology The rating of political parties is intended to be assessed as the activity and effectiveness of the parties. It is a question of assessing precisely political parties and not their individual representatives in cases when they act in the field of public policy without being bound by the party. Since the key functions of the parties are related to the election, the study includes only registered parties that have the right to vote (352 lots as of January 1, 2019). The activities of political parties in Ukraine was conducted using a rating measure that took into account the analysis and comparison of quantitative and measurable qualitative indicators. According to the experts, the rating includes four thematic indexes, each of which reflects a separate function of the parties and can be analyzed independently of each other: 1) The index of electoral activity - involves analysis candidates registration, lists of candidates and their participation in elections of different levels. 2) The index of electoral efficiency - involves an analysis of the results achieved by the party and its candidates in the elections. 3) The index of information activity - involves an analysis of the party’s work with public opinion through the media, the presentation of the parties’ ideas by the speakers to a wide audience. 4) The index of goal orientated problem solving in projects - analysis of the work that parties do in approaching significant problems of citizens or individual social groups, their proposed solution through program proposals, the formation of a political and socioeconomic agenda for their supporters. The final ranking is based on its results in all four thematic indexes. TOP-20 active and political parties of Ukraine in the period of 2014-2019 1. All-Ukrainian Association "Batkivshchyna" 2. "SOLIDARITY" PARTY (now the political party "European Solidarity") 3. "Opposition Bloc" 4. The radical party of Oleg Lyashko 5. "UKRAINIAN ASSOCIATION OF PATRIOTS - UKROP" 6. “Association "Self Reliance” 7. "Our land" 8. All-Ukrainian Association "Svoboda" (Freedom) 9. Political party "Civic Position" 10.  "PUBLIC MOVEMENT" PEOPLE'S CONTROL " 11. "Revival" 12. "PEOPLE’S FRONT" 13. "The Power of People" 14. "Will of the people" 15. People's Party 16. "VALENTIN NALIVAYCHENKO’S PUBLIC-POLITICAL MOVEMENT "JUSTICE " 17. Agrarian Party of Ukraine 18. “Spravy” 19. "Volia" 20. "SOCIALISTS"   The full research and rating are available here (in Ukrainian).

26.06.2019
Internal Policy

ICPS starts an assessment of local/regional activities

International Centre for Policy Studies starts an assessment of local/regional activities within the framework of the project “Promoting transparency and implementation of anti-corruption measures in state-owned enterprises and local governments in Ukraine”. The initiative is carried out in partnership with the Institute for Economic and Social Reforms in Slovakia (INEKO) and is financially supported under the program “Official Development Assistance of the Slovak Republic (SlovakAid)”. The project is aimed at increasing the efficiency of public administration, local governments and civil society in the area of regional policy, state-owned enterprises, budget monitoring and openness of information of local authorities. The first edition of series of local and regional policy assessments introduced in December 2018 - March 2019 was carried out. Future evaluations will be conducted on a quarterly basis. In total, more than 20 local politicians will be assembled and streamlined by the end of the project. The main objective of the initiative is to improve the quality of regional and/or municipal regulation and legislation by publishing a regular peer review of socio-economic measures proposed or implemented by local government bodies in Ukraine. The purpose of the assessment is to describe practices that may also be applied by other administrations. Measures for evaluation were identified and analyzed with the support of the expert council, which was selected by  International Centre for Policy Studies based on their experience. Selected experts assessed the local measures and policies adopted by local and regional authorities. In total, six local and regional events are currently evaluated. Three of them are innovative and can have a significant positive impact on the economic and social development of Ukraine. We hope that this practice can promote good ideas and inspire their implementation throughout the territory of Ukraine. The evaluation can be found here: http://icps.com.ua/assets/uploads/images/images/eu/local_measures_ukraine_march_2019_.pdf

ICPS Press
01.04.2019
Internal Policy

Populism or systemic reforms: what candidates for the President of Ukraine promise?

The experts of the International Centre for Policy Studies presented research on candidates' election programs, their views on the development of economic and domestic policies and principles on which they are planning to build their own national development strategies. The candidates for the President of Ukraine in the next elections on March 31, 2019 in their programs manipulate the low level of education of Ukrainians. This was stated by the expert on internal policy of the International Center for Policy Studies Maxym Stepanenko during expert discussion in “Ukrinform”. “One can also say that presidential candidates are manipulating the low political education of Ukrainians, and therefore they are trying to sell as much air as possible,” Stepanenko said during presentation of the program analysis of candidates for the President of Ukraine. He stressed that candidates' programs are the same; it is difficult to distinguish them, not from one another, but from past programs. According to the expert, this suggests that the problems that candidates are proposing to resolve are still relevant, respectively, - “their old programs and promises were not effective”. In this regard, the expert Igor Petrenko noted that real competition for electoral sympathies is still due to pressure on the irrational. “We see that this is first and foremost an image, something with which the presidential candidate is associated, and with regard to programs, they also can write about free bread,” he said. Among the most widespread promises of presidential candidates that the expert has singled out is the promise of a tax reform that occurs in 33 candidate programs, 27 candidates promise to implement medical reform, and 24 - judicial. The same number of them promises to raise social standards. At the same time, Stepanenko said, there is a promise to carry out anti-corruption reform in the programs of 19 candidates, and constitutional - in 17. 17 candidates for the presidency mention the support of the Euro-Atlantic course of Ukraine and the promise to introduce a norm on the election of judges. “More relevant issues for today's Ukraine are plans for building a professional army that could protect us from Russian aggression in Donbas and establish territorial integrity and sovereignty. Also, the process of decentralization was actualized - 23 presidential candidates promise to stimulate it, expand the rights of communities, and contribute in every way to this process,” Stepanenko said. At the same time, according to him, only in the programs of 12 presidential candidates the attention to the issue of labor migrants returning to Ukraine was paid. Research via the link (Ukrainian version): LINK

ICPS Press
13.03.2019
Internal Policy

ICPS conducted diplomatic briefing “Inside Ukraine”

ICPS presented analytical newsletter “Inside Ukraine” for representatives of the diplomatic corps. Igor Petrenko, having analyzed the domestic political programs of the main candidates for the post of the President of Ukraine, noted the prevalence of populist promises with appeals more to the voter's emotions than to the rational perception of reality. At the same time, there are a number of systemic positive steps and proposals that are different from the general populist vision of the country's development. In general, some proposals of the above-mentioned candidates are general and require considerable efforts not only from the side of the president, but also from other authorities on whom the president may not have influence. That is, almost all candidates in their proposals went far beyond the constitutional powers of the President of Ukraine. And this means that after gaining power after the elections, the candidates without any support for the parliamentary majority can hardly realize anything. Also, most of the program proposals require profound constitutional changes, which further complicate the possibility of their implementation and actualize the issue of the need to ensure the legitimacy and inclusiveness of the constitutional process in Ukraine. A common denominator in all programs is the issue of deepening the country's decentralization and increasing the capacity of communities. Anticorruption, judicial and law enforcement reforms are recognized as priorities by the majority of candidates by default. The link that unites candidates, to a greater extent, is the transformation of Ukraine into a parliamentary republic (Poroshenko and Grytsenko do not want to change the form of government). Oleg Lyashko is the only one who proposes the presidential republic. All candidates, without exception, seek to see the Ukrainian army modernized and well-armed. “Often candidates appeal to the institute of referendum and other forms of direct democracy, which in our opinion, is not fully justified and carries the danger of manipulation,” the expert said. Regarding the economic aspect, in general, the analysis of programs showed that the topic of foreign economic relations is not sufficiently disclosed in the documents of candidates. None of them refer to the country's debt obligations, the need to deepen co-operative ties and partnerships with its neighbors, technology attraction, and so on. The same internal “focus” prevails with ignoring external factors and the world situation. At the same time, there is an equation on European standards of living and wages. After five years of implementation, decentralization demonstrates results in its financial aspect mainly. The reluctance of the central government to provide real independence to the regions leads to contradictions between local and central authorities in matters of public administration in areas of critical importance to society, such as education, health care, development of local infrastructure and economic development of the regions. In addition, the duration of the decentralization process indicates that there are also weaknesses in decentralization that are directly related to the implementation of this reform. The imperfection of the legislative framework, the need to accelerate the pace of UTCs, the inability of the institutions to fulfill their new functions and the interest of local elites to “reverse” decentralization for their own benefit are all challenges that need to be addressed to transform decentralization into a success story. Please contact us for more details, ordering, reviewing issues and familiarization with subscription terms: e-mail: office@icps.com.ua

ICPS Press
28.02.2019