Internal Policy

ICPS issued a second assessment of local/regional measures for April-June 2019

International Centre for Policy Studies presented a second assessment of local/regional activities within the framework of the project “Promoting transparency and implementation of anti-corruption measures in state-owned enterprises and local governments in Ukraine”. The initiative is carried out in partnership with the Institute for Economic and Social Reforms in Slovakia (INEKO) and is financially supported under the program “Official Development Assistance of the Slovak Republic (SlovakAid)”. The project is aimed at increasing the efficiency of public administration, local governments and civil society in the area of regional policy, state-owned enterprises, budget monitoring and openness of information of local authorities. The main objective of the initiative is to improve the quality of regional and/or municipal regulation and legislation by publishing a regular peer review of socio-economic measures proposed or implemented by local government bodies in Ukraine. The purpose of the assessment is to describe practices that may also be applied by other administrations. Measures for evaluation were identified and analyzed with the support of the expert council, which was selected by  International Centre for Policy Studies based on their experience. As a result, eight local and regional measures are described in this publication, two of which are addressing the infrastructural issues, two are social projects, two are contest projects together with the measures for the beautification of the area and improving the branding of the city. Three of them are innovative and may have positive significant impact on the economic and social development of Ukraine. We hope that these practices can promote good ideas and inspire their implementation throughout Ukraine. The most positive attitude of experts was to projects related to the development of the transport infrastructure of cities. Thus, the project "Acceptance of purchase of new trolleybuses for the money of the EBRD" (Poltava) received the highest score (1st place), because it involves the allocation of money from the European Bank, which already indicates about its relevance and validity. In addition, these credit resources are beneficial for the borrower (in terms of timing and value), which also resulted in the absence of significant remarks from experts. The project on the development and approval of the "Sustainable mobility plan of the city" (Zhytomyr), which is aimed at introducing the European experience in the rational organization of transport connection and traffic management in a large city, is in the second place by the importance and expert's support. This measure for planning the development of the transport network in the modern city was noted by experts as a project with a prospect for the future and with a significant potential for implementation in the form of public-private partnership. Among the two social projects (third and fifth place), the "Contest of Social Projects of Civil Society Institutions" (Odessa), which contains 11 areas / nominations covering the important social problems, received the highest score. Experts have positively evaluated the way of distributing the funds, namely, holding a competition among the NGOs with a subsequent public presentation. In their opinion, this leads to more thorough project development and transparency of funding. Among the measures with the lowest experts` evaluation were the project of approval of the city logo (Ivano-Frankivsk city), which has no significant impact on the socio-economic living standards of the population of the city, and the project for the reconstruction of the park (Kropyvnytskyi city), the cost of which is significant for the city budget on the background of careless execution of works and a large number of unresolved acute social problems. The detailed evaluation can be found here: Monitoring of Local and Development Policies in Ukraine (April 2019 - June 2019) window.dataLayer = window.dataLayer || []; function gtag(){dataLayer.push(arguments);} gtag('js', new Date()); gtag('config', 'UA-122353741-2');

ICPS Press
Internal Policy

ICPS presents the effectiveness rating of Ukrainian political parties

The experts of the International Center for Policy Studies presented a study “Rating of activity and effectiveness of political parties” which analyzed what parties engaged in throughout the last political cycle, who is active in electoral campaigns, who holds power at local and national levels, and what do extra-parliamentary political bodies do. The presentation and roundtable discussion over results took place at Ukrinform, on Wednesday the 26th of June. Political scientists, sociologists and political representatives took part in the dialogue. ICPS expert Maxim Stepanenko said that the formation of political parties in Ukraine began during the democratization of socio-political life in the country. In 1989, the People's Movement of Ukraine was founded, which can be considered the first political party in modern Ukraine. Over the course of 30 years of party development in Ukraine, the trends and principles governing modern parties have changed. Many parties, who once played a key role in the political life, ceased to exist. "On the horizon, in the next 10 to 20 years, the ranking of active and effective parties will change, so Batkivshchyna currently demonstrates a better result, while Poroshenko's "Solidarity" block did not exist in the past and it does not exist now. It was created only for one political cycle and made history. For us, the main focal point is on the current players, so the focus of our study is on the political cycle of 2014-2019" said Igor Petrenko, head of the ICPS political department. According to the Center's survey, among the 352 parties registered in Ukraine as of the beginning of 2019, five leaders can be singled out: Batkivshchyna (350,37 points), PPB Solidarity (349,73 points), "Opposition bloc" (346.59 points), Oleg Lyashko’s "Radical party" (340.02 points) and "Ukrainian association of patriots - UKROP" (333.12 points). Opposing political forces rank highly in the top 5; political forces are on polar opposite sides, the party in power and extra-parliamentary powers. All five party leaders are champions in our ranking due to a balanced result on all indicators. For the first spot rival "Batkivshchyna" and "Solidarity", that significantly outperform the other opponents. In order to understand what factors have determined the place of parties in the ranking, it is necessary to consider in more detail the methodology of the research and its final results. Methodology The rating of political parties is intended to be assessed as the activity and effectiveness of the parties. It is a question of assessing precisely political parties and not their individual representatives in cases when they act in the field of public policy without being bound by the party. Since the key functions of the parties are related to the election, the study includes only registered parties that have the right to vote (352 lots as of January 1, 2019). The activities of political parties in Ukraine was conducted using a rating measure that took into account the analysis and comparison of quantitative and measurable qualitative indicators. According to the experts, the rating includes four thematic indexes, each of which reflects a separate function of the parties and can be analyzed independently of each other: 1) The index of electoral activity - involves analysis candidates registration, lists of candidates and their participation in elections of different levels. 2) The index of electoral efficiency - involves an analysis of the results achieved by the party and its candidates in the elections. 3) The index of information activity - involves an analysis of the party’s work with public opinion through the media, the presentation of the parties’ ideas by the speakers to a wide audience. 4) The index of goal orientated problem solving in projects - analysis of the work that parties do in approaching significant problems of citizens or individual social groups, their proposed solution through program proposals, the formation of a political and socioeconomic agenda for their supporters. The final ranking is based on its results in all four thematic indexes. TOP-20 active and political parties of Ukraine in the period of 2014-2019 1. All-Ukrainian Association "Batkivshchyna" 2. "SOLIDARITY" PARTY (now the political party "European Solidarity") 3. "Opposition Bloc" 4. The radical party of Oleg Lyashko 5. "UKRAINIAN ASSOCIATION OF PATRIOTS - UKROP" 6. “Association "Self Reliance” 7. "Our land" 8. All-Ukrainian Association "Svoboda" (Freedom) 9. Political party "Civic Position" 10.  "PUBLIC MOVEMENT" PEOPLE'S CONTROL " 11. "Revival" 12. "PEOPLE’S FRONT" 13. "The Power of People" 14. "Will of the people" 15. People's Party 16. "VALENTIN NALIVAYCHENKO’S PUBLIC-POLITICAL MOVEMENT "JUSTICE " 17. Agrarian Party of Ukraine 18. “Spravy” 19. "Volia" 20. "SOCIALISTS"   The full research and rating are available here (in Ukrainian).

Economic Analysis

TOP-50: ICPS presents the rating of the most successful state enterprises of Ukraine

On Thursday, June 13, the International Center for Policy Studies presents a rating of financial stability of state enterprises of Ukraine and launched an Internet portal under the same name with detailed indicators of each successful state company. In the rating presentation at “Ukrinform” ICPS expect Yehor Kyian said that 50 of the largest companies were selected on their total value of assets.  Financial stability was marked against four criteria: liquidity, rentability, leverage and financial operations. UKSATSE led the rating of the state enterprises with their overall financial sustainability receiving a rating of 8 out of 10. The companies that followed in the rating were: Mariupol Sea Commercial Port, State Enterprise “Administration of Sea Ports of Ukraine” and the State Enterprise “Lviv International Airport”. The lowest financial stability was demonstrated by PJSC "Port Plant" and NSC "Olimpiyskiy". ICPS analysts noted that ten of the top 50 state-owned companies were not transparent enough to keep their accounts in check, which hindered their stability, so all of these businesses were assigned 40th place. ICPS expert Yehor Kyian also emphasized that the best financial indicators were demonstrated by transport and logistics state enterprises. He also highlighted that the results can be accessed on an interactive portal with the individual results, available at the link: Those participating in the project are dedicated to update the indicators as state companies submit their financial statements. The project “Financial stability of state enterprises in Ukraine” is aimed at improving the efficiency of management as well as implementing of the “Promoting Transparency and Implementation of Anti-Corruption Measures in State Enterprises and Local Self-Government Bodies in Ukraine” framework. It is being carried out by ICPS in partnership with the Institute For Economic and Social Reforms (INEKO) and Official Support for the Development of the Slovak Republic (SlovakAid).

Foreign Policy

ICPS participated in the Eastern Partnership Conference in Vienna

Expert of the International Centre for Policy Studies Yehor Kyian participated in the conference “Ten Years of EaP: Today's Achievements, Tomorrow's Goals”, which took place on May 28-29 in Vienna. The event was attended by representatives of diplomatic departments, governments and leading think-tanks in Europe. In general, all participants of the EaP Conference supported positive rhetoric and noticed significant achievements in cooperation. The Conference consisted of three closed and one public panel. Participants of the first closed panel “How to keep all stakeholders on board” tried to solve the problems of heterogeneity of the EaP countries. At the same time, the emphasis was placed on the need to avoid the “division” of the EaP countries due to their heterogeneity, but to focus on finding commonalities. The aspect of possible restrictions within the framework of the Eastern Partnership has been discussed during the closed panel “The EaP’s “external relations“ and third-party co-operation”. The emphasis was on increasing trade between countries. It was noted that it is necessary to improve cooperation not only with third parties and the EU, but also with each other within the framework of the Eastern Partnership. During the open panel discussion on general topic of the conference, the representatives of the European Commission and countries such as Austria, Romania, Belarus, Georgia and Moldova have exchanged successful experience in implementing reforms and cooperation within the framework of the Eastern Partnership. “It is not necessary to consider the entrance into the EU for the very purpose, because in implementing reforms, countries first of all improve their lives for themselves and should be interested in them,” ICPS expert Yehor Kyian conveys the ideas of one of the participants of the event. - Despite the support and assistance of the EU, some countries have observed bilateral trends - that is, not only the implementation of European values, but, on the contrary, exception to them. First of all, it is about oppression of freedom of speech and media.” During the “Transformation, approximation to EU standards and values, regional cooperation - Experiences and challenges across the wider European region” panel it was highlighted on the experience of the Balkan countries. Their representatives noted that it is necessary to give more clear benchmarks from the EU side regarding the prospects of joining. In their opinion, delaying integration processes can create internal opposition and loss of confidence / support from the public regarding accession to the EU. According to Yehor Kyian, participation in such events by the official Ukrainian delegation will allow our country to better demonstrate its position on the international arena and maintain a close dialogue with Europe.

Foreign Policy

International conference “Ukraine's relations with its Western neighbors. A chance for rebooting”

On May 22, ICPS conducted an international conference devoted to the analysis of Ukraine’s policy towards V4 countries with the participation of diplomatic missions’ representatives, expert community, think tanks, representatives of the state authorities and media. The conference was organized as part of the project “Ukraine and V4 countries: promoting better understanding” with the support of the International Visegrad Fund and Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands. The International Centre for Policy Studies (ICPS) in cooperation with the experts from Poland, Hungary and Slovakia have analysed the trends of relations development in the region and presented recommendations on implementing the new neighbourhood policy between Ukraine and the countries of Visegrad Group. Ensuring good neighbourhood and stable relations between Ukraine and its Western neighbours is a necessary prerequisite for regional stability, given the existing security threats and challenges in the region. Elaboration of a new, improved approach on the relations between Ukraine and the countries of the Visegrad Group is necessary to improve and strengthen regional cooperation, as well as to prevent new divisions in the future. The experts came the conclusion that in order to limit the scale of problems in relations between Ukraine and its Western neighbours, as well as creating a more favourable environment, countries should discourage aggressive rhetoric towards one another in internal political discourses. Secondly, they should expand mutually beneficial areas of cooperation and try to develop common approaches. They should include regional security, energy security and transnational issues. Thirdly, countries should pay more attention to supporting democracy in the region. And, finally, more attention should be paid to the ways of mutual protection of ethnic minorities. In turbulent times, strong Central and Eastern Europe - in the security, economy, and social development potential - will be in the interests of not only regional states, but also Europe as a whole. The expert recommendations are entailed in a policy research “Ukraine’s neighbourhood policy towards V4 countries: promoting better understanding”.

Foreign Policy

Ukraine and V4 countries: promoting better understanding. Briefing for diplomatic missions in Ukraine

International Centre for Policy Studies (ICPS) has conducted a briefing for diplomatic missions in Ukraine as part of the project “Ukraine and V4 countries: promoting better understanding”. ICPS experts presented the analysis of the current state of relations between Ukraine and the V4 countries as well as their expert recommendations on improving the neighbourhood policy of Ukraine. Ensuring good and sustainable neighborhood relations between Ukraine and its Western neighboring countries is crucial for regional stability with a view of the existing security threats and challenges in the region. Elaboration of a new updated approach towards the relations between Ukraine and its V4 neighbors is necessary to improve and strengthen regional partnership and prevent the occurrence of new contradictions in the future. A deeper understanding of mutual interests may open space for compromise and logrolling. Deteriorating regional security is a challenge for all; and cooperation with the view to restore fundamental institutions may bring more benefits rather than continuation of disputes. To achieve this it would be useful to concentrate on long-terms achievements rather than on short-term gains. Spheres of common priority, i.e. energy security, transportation and transit capabilities, security cooperation, should be given special attention. Hostile rhetoric should be discouraged at all possible levels. Strengthening democratic institutions, enhancing rule of law, protecting human rights, improving solidarity, as well as promoting tolerance may become common goals, capable of contributing into a positive agenda of relations between Ukraine and its Western neighboring countries. The project “Ukraine and V4 countries: promoting better understanding” is implemented with the support of the International Visegrad Fund and Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands.